In spite of making rapid strides in healthcare in the last few decades, tuberculosis is still a very common problem in India. A bug called Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes TB. Bone TB is the next most common site after lungs. Amongst bones, it is the spine (neck and back) that is the most common site of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis can strike anyone at any age and there may be no specific predisposing factor in most patients.
Children and elderly; people with decreased immunity; family history or past history of tuberculosis and patients who have had contact with a known case of tuberculosis are some groups that are prone to developing tuberculosis. Tuberculosis can affect any part of the spine from the upper neck to the tailbone.